What is obesity?
Obesity is the body weight beyond a point which is generally considered healthy. The human body needs body fat as a store of energy used in case of starvation, insulation against cold environment, absorption of shock and numerous other functions. Measured by the BMI
How do we measure obesity?
There is a generally accepted formula known as the Body Mass
Index BMI used for measuring this condition. (Formula) The body mass (kg) divide
by the height (meters) squared. An adult is considered to be obese when he/she
has a BMI of 30+.
Over the years, Europe (61.9%adults and 28% children) unlike Africa has reported increasing cases of adults and children suffering from obesity. This had been attributed by various reasons such as;
1. Diet. Simple carbohydrates are responsible for generation of body fat unlike the complex carbohydrates. Large intake is likely to result in to obesity. Victims should therefore reduce the intake of high calorie foods such as deep fried potatoes, chocolate bars and ice cream.
2. Genetics. Doctors have conducted research and have ascertained that obesity is likely to be genetically transferable.
3. Some people may fall victims to obesity because of their eating habits, especially those who over eat.
4. Research has proved that certain people tend to eat to reduce their stress levels, this habit in the long run results it to obesity.
5. Eating frequency. People who eat frequently in bits are less likely to suffer from obesity than people who eat large meals at lesser intervals.
6. Inactivity. By eating more and working less you are most likely to suffer obesity.
7. Some types of medication (antidepressants) are known to have hormone inhibitors to hormones that trigger the brain to burn excess body fat. The use of such drugs leads to obesity.
8. Poverty. Some people are not able to afford healthy food and hence they end up consuming junk food.
Being obese is unfortunate as your health is constantly at risk.
Disadvantages of obesity
1. Back pains caused by the heavy body weight straining the back bone.
4. Breathing difficulties.
5. Work place problems. Colleagues tend to discriminate on their fellows who are obese.
7. Heart problems.
8. Diabetes is inevitable.
The actions taken to counter obesity in England
1. The National Health Services England has come up with some strategies to save its citizens from obesity. It has suggested the ban of “super-sized” chocolate bars from the hospital shops. Furthermore, the NHS has developed a standard scale to measure the amount of calories consumable in certain candy and drinks to be sold which they hope to implement.
2. The change4 life program. This program has been used to advice people on need for physical exercise and a healthy diet.
3. Recommending that companies include calorie information on the food packaging.
4. Reducing ingredients in food that are harmful
for consumption (sugar and salt)
5. Guiding and instructing on how much physical activity people should do.
In conclusion, obesity can be managed all it needs is hard work and determination. Society should play a big role in the management and prevention of obesity. We all have one bad habit or another, for the obese it just happens to be food. Encouragement often goes a long way. The obese should be encouraged to live a healthier lifestyle by seeking counselling, visiting a doctor, working out and eating healthy.